Press releases 1994

LHC Test String runs successfully for 24 hours

On 6 and 7 December a string of powerful superconducting magnets for CERN1's next particle accelerator the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) ran successfully at 8.36 Tesla for 24 hours. 8.36 Tesla is the magnetic field required to accelerate protons to the required energy for LHC and this result demonstrates that the key technical choices made for the construction of the LHC magnets were correct. The test magnets have shown that they can operate reliably under the same working conditions as the future accelerator.

Britain at CERN

Thirty-two British hi-tech companies present their products at this new industrial exhibition at CERN* which takes place from 22 to 25 November, 1994. The exhibition offers British companies the opportunity to display their products in fields that are of immediate importance to the scientists, engineers and technicians working at CERN, and also to scientists from non-Member States who take part in research projects at CERN.

CERN launches new programme with highest energy ever

CERN1's first beams of lead ions - the highest energy beams ever produced by an accelerator - are now ready for experimentation. The new heavy ions facility also opens up a fresh period of research for the Laboratory in this field. This development is an important step towards understanding the matter of the Universe at less than a millionth of a second after its birth.

EC signs new Cooperation Arrangement with CERN

On 10 October 1994, Professor Antonio RUBERTI, Commissioner for Research, Development, Education and Training, and Professor Christopher LLEWELLYN SMITH, Director-General of CERN1 signed an administrative arrangement opening the way for tighter scientific and technological cooperation between the European Union and CERN. The signing ceremony was followed by the first meeting of the new "Joint EC - CERN Research Committee", which is established by the arrangement in order to promote and supervise the scientific and technological cooperation covered by it.

CERN celebrates 40th Anniversary

On 29 September 1954 the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)1 was created when sufficient ratifications of the Convention establishing CERN* were obtained from Member States. CERN's goals were clearly set out in Article II of this Convention: "The Organization shall provide for collaboration among European States in nuclear research of a pure scientific and fundamental character, and in research essentially related thereto.

European Supercomputer installed at CERN

A new scaleable parallel computer based on European High Performance Computing (HPC) technology has been installed in the CERN1 computing centre. The initiative to support the development of this new style computer came from the European Union's (EU) Esprit Programme (European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology). CERN is lead partner and co-ordinator of this project, called GPMIMD2 (General Purpose Multiple Instructions Multiple Data II).

CERN advances towards approval of LHC

The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 100th session on 24 June under the chairmanship of Professor Hubert Curien (France).

After a week of meetings which covered in detail the scientific potential, budgeting and world participation in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the President of Council, Prof. Curien, stated that

The LHC, the technological challenge

Physicists at CERN1 talk almost casually about recreating conditions that existed only 10-12 second - a millionth of a millionth of a second - after the 'Big Bang', when our Universe might have been no bigger than a pinhead! This is however exactly what the high energy proton-proton collisions in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will do. To build instruments capable of creating such extreme conditions and then analysing the results with extraordinary precision is a daunting challenge which demands advances in many highly complex technologies.


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