On 29 September 1954 the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)1 was created when sufficient ratifications of the Convention establishing CERN* were obtained from Member States. CERN's goals were clearly set out in Article II of this Convention: "The Organization shall provide for collaboration among European States in nuclear research of a pure scientific and fundamental character, and in research essentially related thereto.
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A new scaleable parallel computer based on European High Performance Computing (HPC) technology has been installed in the CERN1 computing centre. The initiative to support the development of this new style computer came from the European Union's (EU) Esprit Programme (European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology). CERN is lead partner and co-ordinator of this project, called GPMIMD2 (General Purpose Multiple Instructions Multiple Data II).
The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 100th session on 24 June under the chairmanship of Professor Hubert Curien (France).
After a week of meetings which covered in detail the scientific potential, budgeting and world participation in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the President of Council, Prof. Curien, stated that
Since the mid-1980s the number of scientists from all over the world using CERN1's facilities has increased enormously. Currently more than 6,000 users, over half of the planet's high-energy physicists, carry out fundamental research at CERN. This user community is living proof that CERN welcomes inter- regional collaboration which benefits all and boosts the progress of science. The LHC, the only machine capable of addressing problems way beyond today's frontiers of high energy physics, offers an unique opportunity for extending world wide collaboration.
Physicists at CERN1 talk almost casually about recreating conditions that existed only 10-12 second - a millionth of a millionth of a second - after the 'Big Bang', when our Universe might have been no bigger than a pinhead! This is however exactly what the high energy proton-proton collisions in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will do. To build instruments capable of creating such extreme conditions and then analysing the results with extraordinary precision is a daunting challenge which demands advances in many highly complex technologies.
The Development of the Project
As early as 1977, during preparatory discussions for building CERN1's Large Electron Positron collider (LEP), it was clear that excavating the LEP tunnel would make more economic sense if it could be reused for a successor machine. Thus, while LEP was being designed and built in the early '80s, groups in CERN were busy looking at the longer term future.
Physics for the 21st Century
On 24 June 1994, delegates representing CERN1's 19 European Member States will decide whether to approve the construction of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a huge scientific instrument which will propel particle physics research way into the 21st century.
World-Wide Web is the world's most powerful networked information system. It was originally conceived and developed at CERN1, where large high-energy physics collaborations created a demand for instantaneous information sharing between physicists working in different universities and institutes all over the world. Now it has millions of academic and commercial users.
On Friday, 22 April, a new science exhibition "Infinitos" illustrating man's current understanding of how the Universe works - from the tiniest structures of matter to the most far flung galaxies - will be inaugurated at the Museu de Electricidade in Lisbon by the President of Lisboa '94, Prof. Vitor Constancio, the Portuguese Science Minister, Prof. L. Valente de Oliveira, Prof. C. Llewellyn-Smith, Director General of CERN1 and Dr. P. Creola, President of ESO2 Council.
The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 99th session on 15 April under the chairmanship of Prof Hubert Curien (France).
Council votes overwhelmingly for resolution in support of LHC
Council delegates voted overwhelmingly - 18 Member States for, one abstention - to adopt the following resolution on the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and CERN's long-term scientific programme.