At a special seminar on 10 February, spokespersons from the experiments on CERN* 's Heavy Ion programme presented compelling evidence for the existence of a new state of matter in which quarks, instead of being bound up into more complex particles such as protons and neutrons, are liberated to roam freely.
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The CERN * Council, where the representatives of the 20 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 114th session on 17 December under the chairmanship of Dr. Hans C. Eschelbacher (DE).
CERN* is collaborating with the National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN) in Italy to send a beam of neutrinos through the earth, under the mountains from Geneva in Switzerland to the Gran Sasso laboratory in central Italy, 730 km away. The experiments will shed light on the possibility that neutrinos have mass and exhibit the exotic property of transforming from one kind into another.
On Monday, 22 November, major collaboration contracts were finalized between CERN and the ISTC, the International Science and Technology Centre, which has its headquarters in Moscow. These contracts, worth more than 12 million Swiss Francs, are a large step forward in the cooperation between these two institutions. The agreement, which almost doubles the financial support for the ISTC Partner Project, will result in new technical equipment for CERN's latest project, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
Twenty-two Italian companies are presenting their latest technology at the "Italy at CERN " trade fair from 16 to 19 November. The Italian Minister of Research, Ortensio Zecchino, opened the exhibition on Tuesday 16 November together with CERN's Director General, Professor Luciano Maiani.
The "France at CERN" trade fair is being held at CERN* from 19th to 21st October. The event was opened by Claude Allègre, the French Minister for National Education, Research and Technology, and Pierre Moscovici, the Minister for European Affairs. CERN was represented by the Director General, Professor Luciano Maiani.
At CERN* on 2 August 1999 at 11h15, beams of electrons and positrons were accelerated in the Large Electron Positron Collider (LEP) to 100 GeV and brought into collision for the first time at this energy. There were two reasons for the backslapping, cheering and popping of corks that followed in the LEP control room. First, the setting of a new energy record for an electron-positron accelerator, represents a tremendous technical achievement by CERN accelerator specialists.
At a seminar at CERN* on 18 June Pascal Debu, spokesman of the Laboratory's NA48 experiment** , announced its preliminary result, after analysis of 10% of the expected data, on one of nature's best-kept secrets. Direct CP-violation, as it is called, is a subtle effect that betrays nature's preference for matter over antimatter, the reason why we are here.
The CERN* Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 113th session on 18 June under the chairmanship of Dr. Hans C. Eschelbacher (DE).