On 6 and 7 December a string of powerful superconducting magnets for CERN1's next particle accelerator the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) ran successfully at 8.36 Tesla for 24 hours. 8.36 Tesla is the magnetic field required to accelerate protons to the required energy for LHC and this result demonstrates that the key technical choices made for the construction of the LHC magnets were correct. The test magnets have shown that they can operate reliably under the same working conditions as the future accelerator.
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Thirty-two British hi-tech companies present their products at this new industrial exhibition at CERN* which takes place from 22 to 25 November, 1994. The exhibition offers British companies the opportunity to display their products in fields that are of immediate importance to the scientists, engineers and technicians working at CERN, and also to scientists from non-Member States who take part in research projects at CERN.
CERN1's first beams of lead ions - the highest energy beams ever produced by an accelerator - are now ready for experimentation. The new heavy ions facility also opens up a fresh period of research for the Laboratory in this field. This development is an important step towards understanding the matter of the Universe at less than a millionth of a second after its birth.
On 10 October 1994, Professor Antonio RUBERTI, Commissioner for Research, Development, Education and Training, and Professor Christopher LLEWELLYN SMITH, Director-General of CERN1 signed an administrative arrangement opening the way for tighter scientific and technological cooperation between the European Union and CERN. The signing ceremony was followed by the first meeting of the new "Joint EC - CERN Research Committee", which is established by the arrangement in order to promote and supervise the scientific and technological cooperation covered by it.
On 29 September 1954 the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)1 was created when sufficient ratifications of the Convention establishing CERN* were obtained from Member States. CERN's goals were clearly set out in Article II of this Convention: "The Organization shall provide for collaboration among European States in nuclear research of a pure scientific and fundamental character, and in research essentially related thereto.
A new scaleable parallel computer based on European High Performance Computing (HPC) technology has been installed in the CERN1 computing centre. The initiative to support the development of this new style computer came from the European Union's (EU) Esprit Programme (European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology). CERN is lead partner and co-ordinator of this project, called GPMIMD2 (General Purpose Multiple Instructions Multiple Data II).
The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 100th session on 24 June under the chairmanship of Professor Hubert Curien (France).
After a week of meetings which covered in detail the scientific potential, budgeting and world participation in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the President of Council, Prof. Curien, stated that
The Development of the Project
As early as 1977, during preparatory discussions for building CERN1's Large Electron Positron collider (LEP), it was clear that excavating the LEP tunnel would make more economic sense if it could be reused for a successor machine. Thus, while LEP was being designed and built in the early '80s, groups in CERN were busy looking at the longer term future.
Since the mid-1980s the number of scientists from all over the world using CERN1's facilities has increased enormously. Currently more than 6,000 users, over half of the planet's high-energy physicists, carry out fundamental research at CERN. This user community is living proof that CERN welcomes inter- regional collaboration which benefits all and boosts the progress of science. The LHC, the only machine capable of addressing problems way beyond today's frontiers of high energy physics, offers an unique opportunity for extending world wide collaboration.
Physicists at CERN1 talk almost casually about recreating conditions that existed only 10-12 second - a millionth of a millionth of a second - after the 'Big Bang', when our Universe might have been no bigger than a pinhead! This is however exactly what the high energy proton-proton collisions in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will do. To build instruments capable of creating such extreme conditions and then analysing the results with extraordinary precision is a daunting challenge which demands advances in many highly complex technologies.