The CERN* Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 104th session today under the chairmanship of Prof. Hubert Curien (F).
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On 7 June, Mr Radomir Sabela, Deputy Minister for Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic together with CERN Director General Prof. Chris Llewellyn Smith formally opened the first ever exhibition of Czech hi-tech companies at CERN1.
Nearly seven years after it was invented at CERN1, the World-Wide Web has woven its way into every corner of the Internet. On Saturday, 17 February, the inventors of the Web, Tim Berners-Lee, now at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and Robert Cailliau of CERN's Electronics and Computing for Physics (ECP) Division, will be honoured with one of computing's highest distinctions: the Association for Computing (ACM) Software System Award 1995. They share this prize with Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, inventors of the Web browser "Mosaic".
In September 1995, Prof. Walter Oelert and an international team from Jülich IKP-KFA, Erlangen-Nuernberg University, GSI Darmstadt and Genoa University succeeded for the first time in synthesising atoms of antimatter from their constituent antiparticles. Nine of these atoms were produced in collisions between antiprotons and xenon atoms over a period of three weeks. Each one remained in existence for about forty billionths of a second, travelled at nearly the speed of light over a path of ten metres and then annihilated with ordinary matter.
The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 103rd session on 15 December under the chairmanship of Prof. Hubert Curien (F).
Director General's Report
From the lowest energy levels at ISOLDE to the highest at LHC, the Director-General reported a successful year. The accelerators worked better than ever, and the LHC's baseline design was finalised.
On 28 November 1995 the first Polish industrial and technological exhibition opened at CERN1. In his inaugural speech Prof Aleksander Luczak, the Polish Deputy Prime Minister, announced : "The first Polish exhibition which I am opening today indicates a new stage of our presence at CERN. It provides an opportunity for CERN to get better acquainted with our industrial potential and, on the other hand, provides an opportunity for our exhibitors to learn more about CERN and the extraordinary people who work here.
CERN1's Large Electron-Positron Collider LEP has moved up a gear. On 31 October, particle collisions were observed for the first time at 130 GeV, the highest energy ever achieved in an electron-positron collider. After six years of studying the elementa ry particle known as the Z, LEP moved smoothly up to its new energy, bringing the possibility of discovering new particles and furthering our understanding of how the Universe works.
On 17 October the third industrial exhibition, "Holland at CERN1" was officially opened by Dr R.J. van Duinen, President of the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). In his opening speech he encouraged scientific organisations such as CERN* to take full advantage of industry's ability to design and invent new processes and equipment stressing that the purpose of the "Holland at CERN" exhibition was not simply to sell equipment, but to establish an efficient cross-fertilisation between fundamental science and industry.
Geneva, 12 September 1995. The importance of fundamental research for the technological strength of a nation was underlined by Ministerial-dirigent Dr Hans C. Eschelbacher in his address at the inauguration of the 6th German Technology exhibition "Germany at CERN1 '95" on 12 September. Dr Eschelbacher explained; "Efficiency in science is a source of Germany's innovative ability and thus of its future. Without scientific progress, it will not be possible to master the economic, cultural, social and political challenges facing our society."
On 8 March, UK Science Minister David Hunt opened CERN1's 'World-Wide Web Days', a conference designed to give journalists, educators and communication experts a practical introduction to this new telecommunications revolution.