In September 1995, Prof. Walter Oelert and an international team from Jülich IKP-KFA, Erlangen-Nuernberg University, GSI Darmstadt and Genoa University succeeded for the first time in synthesising atoms of antimatter from their constituent antiparticles. Nine of these atoms were produced in collisions between antiprotons and xenon atoms over a period of three weeks. Each one remained in existence for about forty billionths of a second, travelled at nearly the speed of light over a path of ten metres and then annihilated with ordinary matter.
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The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 103rd session on 15 December under the chairmanship of Prof. Hubert Curien (F).
Director General's Report
From the lowest energy levels at ISOLDE to the highest at LHC, the Director-General reported a successful year. The accelerators worked better than ever, and the LHC's baseline design was finalised.
On 28 November 1995 the first Polish industrial and technological exhibition opened at CERN1. In his inaugural speech Prof Aleksander Luczak, the Polish Deputy Prime Minister, announced : "The first Polish exhibition which I am opening today indicates a new stage of our presence at CERN. It provides an opportunity for CERN to get better acquainted with our industrial potential and, on the other hand, provides an opportunity for our exhibitors to learn more about CERN and the extraordinary people who work here.
CERN1's Large Electron-Positron Collider LEP has moved up a gear. On 31 October, particle collisions were observed for the first time at 130 GeV, the highest energy ever achieved in an electron-positron collider. After six years of studying the elementa ry particle known as the Z, LEP moved smoothly up to its new energy, bringing the possibility of discovering new particles and furthering our understanding of how the Universe works.
On 17 October the third industrial exhibition, "Holland at CERN1" was officially opened by Dr R.J. van Duinen, President of the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO). In his opening speech he encouraged scientific organisations such as CERN* to take full advantage of industry's ability to design and invent new processes and equipment stressing that the purpose of the "Holland at CERN" exhibition was not simply to sell equipment, but to establish an efficient cross-fertilisation between fundamental science and industry.
Geneva, 12 September 1995. The importance of fundamental research for the technological strength of a nation was underlined by Ministerial-dirigent Dr Hans C. Eschelbacher in his address at the inauguration of the 6th German Technology exhibition "Germany at CERN1 '95" on 12 September. Dr Eschelbacher explained; "Efficiency in science is a source of Germany's innovative ability and thus of its future. Without scientific progress, it will not be possible to master the economic, cultural, social and political challenges facing our society."
On 8 March, UK Science Minister David Hunt opened CERN1's 'World-Wide Web Days', a conference designed to give journalists, educators and communication experts a practical introduction to this new telecommunications revolution.
Japan's Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (Monbusho), announced on May 10 that it would help to finance the construction of CERN1's next particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). This announcement follows the visit of a CERN delegation, led by Director-General Prof. Christopher Llewellyn Smith to Japan in March 1995. The Japanese Minister of Monbusho, Mr.
The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 102nd session on 23 June under the chairmanship of Prof. Hubert Curien (F).
CERN1's Large Electron Positron Collider, LEP, started up for physics right on time on the 2 May, a considerable achievement for the Laboratory's technicians and engineers who have worked flat out to put right the damage caused by an act of sabotage earlier in the year.