The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 102nd session on 23 June under the chairmanship of Prof. Hubert Curien (F).
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CERN1's Large Electron Positron Collider, LEP, started up for physics right on time on the 2 May, a considerable achievement for the Laboratory's technicians and engineers who have worked flat out to put right the damage caused by an act of sabotage earlier in the year.
Shimon Peres, Israel's Foreign Minister, made an official visit to CERN1 on 26 January. He was accompanied by the Israeli Ambassador to the International Organizations in Geneva, Yosef Lamdan, and was received by CERN's Director General, Prof. Christopher Llewellyn Smith. The visit took place at the site of the giant OPAL experiment, on the Large Electron Positron Collider (LEP), where there is major Israeli involvement. Shimon Peres was guided around the experiment by Israeli scientists and also visited the accelerator tunnel.
The CERN1 Council, where the representatives of the 19 Member States of the Organization decide on scientific programmes and financial resources, held its 101st session on 16 December under the chairmanship of Prof. Hubert Curien (F).
CERN1 Council, under the presidency of Prof. Hubert Curien, today agreed by consensus to approve the construction of the 14 TeV (1 Tera electron volt, TeV = 1 million million electron volts) Large Hadron Collider (LHC).
On 6 and 7 December a string of powerful superconducting magnets for CERN1's next particle accelerator the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) ran successfully at 8.36 Tesla for 24 hours. 8.36 Tesla is the magnetic field required to accelerate protons to the required energy for LHC and this result demonstrates that the key technical choices made for the construction of the LHC magnets were correct. The test magnets have shown that they can operate reliably under the same working conditions as the future accelerator.
Thirty-two British hi-tech companies present their products at this new industrial exhibition at CERN* which takes place from 22 to 25 November, 1994. The exhibition offers British companies the opportunity to display their products in fields that are of immediate importance to the scientists, engineers and technicians working at CERN, and also to scientists from non-Member States who take part in research projects at CERN.
CERN1's first beams of lead ions - the highest energy beams ever produced by an accelerator - are now ready for experimentation. The new heavy ions facility also opens up a fresh period of research for the Laboratory in this field. This development is an important step towards understanding the matter of the Universe at less than a millionth of a second after its birth.
On 10 October 1994, Professor Antonio RUBERTI, Commissioner for Research, Development, Education and Training, and Professor Christopher LLEWELLYN SMITH, Director-General of CERN1 signed an administrative arrangement opening the way for tighter scientific and technological cooperation between the European Union and CERN. The signing ceremony was followed by the first meeting of the new "Joint EC - CERN Research Committee", which is established by the arrangement in order to promote and supervise the scientific and technological cooperation covered by it.
On 29 September 1954 the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)1 was created when sufficient ratifications of the Convention establishing CERN* were obtained from Member States. CERN's goals were clearly set out in Article II of this Convention: "The Organization shall provide for collaboration among European States in nuclear research of a pure scientific and fundamental character, and in research essentially related thereto.